Brazil's new forest code: How to navigate its complexity, Part 1
Wrote brief collaboratively with client on how stakeholders can navigate new legislation designed to protect Brazil's forests. Client: Climate Policy Initiative - Brazil
Key Points of the New Forest Code
The new Forest Code governs the use and protection of private lands in Brazil. It is one of the most important pieces of legislation with the potential to drive efficient land use in Brazil and become an effective tool against climate change.
The new Forest Code relies on two types of protection instruments for conservation on private lands: Permanent Preservation Areas and the Legal Forest Reserve.
The new Forest Code introduced an innovative database and environmental management tool called the Rural Environmental Registry, which provides a way to monitor and control deforestation in private landholdings.
The new Forest Code created a special regime that offers some rural landowners greater leniency; this special regime applies solely to rural properties where native vegetation was illegally clear-cut for agriculture or livestock breeding purposes prior to July 2008.
Special regime landowners can enroll in the Environmental Regularization Program in order to take full advantage of the benefits available to them and to help ensure compliance.
The new Forest Code will need to be implemented at state level, which provides states with flexibility to set their own rules and parameters but may further delay the implementation process. Effective and broad enforcement will remain critical to the code’s success.