Brazil's new forest code: Paths and challenges to compliance, Part 2
Introduction: The new forest code - a critical moment for Brazil
The approval of Brazil’s new Forest Code in 2012 delivered the nation to a critical moment: in order to achieve its climate targets, Brazil must now implement and enforce the environmental protections outlined in its forestry laws. This will be a difficult task. Though it has promise as an effective tool against climate change and to promote efficient land use, the new Forest Code relies heavily on the Brazilian states and individual landowners to ensure its compliance and its success.
The Brazilian states must enact further legislation for the code’s implementation, and the Forest Code’s complicated system of regulations must be integrated at state and local levels. In addition, individual rural landholders are expected to understand the law and comply with its requirements by initiating the process of environmental compliance themselves.
To address these challenges, INPUT researchers at Climate Policy Initiative in Brazil have created a series of in-depth policy overviews designed to clarify the new Forest Code and encourage its compliance. The first brief, provides an overview of the code, outlining its key instruments and obligations.
This brief describes the process of how rural properties can be brought into compliance with the Forest Code, and it outlines the steps that rural landholders need to follow. The brief also highlights the key challenges landholders face at each stage of the compliance process. Examples throughout the brief illustrate how the environmental compliance process may differ at the state level from the process described in the Forest Code, another challenge for implementation and compliance.